Was the 2004 Presidential Election Stolen? Exit Polls, Election Fraud, and the Official Count
by Steven F. Freeman & Joel Bleifuss / Foreword by U.S. Representative John Conyers, Jr.
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Covert, hidden practices make fraud difficult to detect, but we use a wide array of tools to uncover them
  • Historical data and regression analysis identify anomalies in county-level data and can show whether a given election outcome is within the bounds of what would be predicted by previous events.
  • Benford’s Law, a statistical technique originally developed to detect financial fraud, examines the distribution of election returns across geographic units and test whether they differ from expected patterns.
  • Vote flow analysis detects anomalies and potential manipulation.
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